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汉代西北屯田问题探析
作者: 牟雪松   来源: 青海师范大学 年份: 2010 文献类型 : 学位论文 关键词: 屯田   西北地区   汉代  
描述: governors of HAN Dynasty. The policy was carried out in most area of the west and the north. In DONGHAN Dynasty, it also appeared in the inner area. The thesis is to tell opening up wasteland and analyses the origin and features of opening up wasteland to get the conclusion: Opening up wasteland in ancient times began in War times and was developed fully in HAN Dynasty. Opening up wasteland in northwest area of HAN Dynasty was only a comprehensive policy to defend the country, including the content of politics 、 military and economy. It was t not for the people but for the country. The policy was spread and lasted for a long time. In economy, it promoted the development of agricultural economy in northwest area by bringing new tools and ways of farming, which also joined the relationship between the central area and the northwest. In politics, it laid a solid foundation for the unity of northwest area and the victory against HUN. In culture, it advanced the communication and joint among different races. Meanwhile, it was a base for opening up wasteland by troops and common people in Cao Wei period.
全文:汉代西北地区的屯田,是汉朝统治者为了经略西北边疆而实行的一种重要举措,主要分布在朔方、河西、西域以及河湟、陇西地区,在东汉时还发展到了内郡。本文通过对汉代西北地区屯田概况的梳理,以及对屯田的起源和性质的分析,认为我国古代屯田兴起于战国时期,在汉朝得到完善和发展。汉代西北的屯田是一项以巩固西北边防为目的的,包括政治、经济、军事内容的综合性措施。只有军屯,没有民屯。汉代军屯规模庞大,持续时间长。在经济上,汉代在西北地区的屯田,开垦了西北的土地,把先进的生产工具和技术带到了西北,促进了西北边疆农业经济的发展,加强了西北地区同内地的经济文化联系;在政治上,为汉朝对匈奴作战的胜利以及统一西域奠定了坚实的基础,巩固了汉朝对西北地区的统治;在文化上,迅速推动了各民族间的文化交流,促进了民族间的融合,同时它的实施也为曹魏时期屯田制发展为军屯、民屯并行体制奠定了基础。
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