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唐代西北地区政治地理格局变动研究
作者: 魏昀   来源: 陕西师范大学 年份: 2009 文献类型 : 学位论文 关键词: 唐朝   屯田   交通   疆域   羁縻府州  
描述: th about three of culture and materials the country's territory changed a lot. The country's territory was in an extending period before and the An-Shi Armed Rebellion, and once extended to the Central Asia area.At the same time, the Tang government founded the Ji-Mi-Fu-Zhou system in the Western Regions. The situation changed rapidly when the An-Shi Armed Rebellion broke out. Then the central government mobilized the troops in the Western Regions to participating in putting down the Rebellion, so the border defence was weakened. Tu-bo took the chance to occupy a large amount of territory. Almost Long You Area was oppupied by Tu-bo later in Tang Dynasty. The thesis is divided into five chapters: political geography circumstance in northwest area in early Tang Dynasty,including the situation of physical geography and the nation regime; the political geography situation in the extending period of territory from Tai Zong to Gao Zong;the political geography situation in the stable period of territory from Wu-zhou era to An-Shi Armed Rebellion;the political geography situation in the shrinking period of territory after An-Shi Armed Rebellion;relationship between the change of political geography situation and economy and traffic. Conclusion: From A.D. 7th to 9th century,Asia-Erope Continent was a place where Tang, Da-shi and Tu-bo contended for political space. The country's power of politics, economy and military strengthened before An-Shi Armed Rebellion, and part of the Central Asia area belonged to Tang government. The territory reached to an unparalleled scale at that time, which can be divided into three parts: the capital area where Chang-an and Luoyang were located in was the empire's center of politics, culture and military; the Zheng-zhou that around the captals was where the finance of central government stemmed from; the Ji-mi-fu-zhou system Tang government founded in the frontier area was the military buffer zone with nation regimes in vicnity. At the same time, Tu-bo appeared in the stage of history in A.D 7th century. After the King Song-zan-gan-bu unified the Tibet plateau, Tu-bo's power strengthed rapidly and harassed Tang's frontiers inceasingly. The Tang government put the defense police actively into effect so as to resist Tu-bo's aggression and defend country's benefit in Long-you area. When An-Shi Armed Rebellion broke out, Tu-bo took the chance to occupy vast territory of Tang Dynasty, like Minzhou, Lanzhou, Kuozhou, Guazhou, and so on. Eventually, almost all Long-you areas belonging to Tang Dynasty was occupid by Tu-bo. In the field of geopolitics, the national power strengthened in the earlier stage of Tang Dynasty and stronger than Tu-bo. Tu-bo didn't have the strength contending with Tang Dynasty, even harassed the frontier once a while. Until the An-Shi Armed Rebellion, the Tang government had no more advantage and the national power was weakened.
全文:组织了抵抗,但面对日益强大的吐蕃,已是强弩之末。到唐后期,陇右地区几乎都被吐蕃占有,双方的边界仅维持在陇山一线。 本文分为五部分,第一部分介绍唐初西北地区的政治地理格局,包括自然地理概貌和民族政权的分布
唐代丝绸之路演变与西北市场格局的变动
作者: 袁黎明   来源: 陕西师范大学 年份: 2010 文献类型 : 学位论文 关键词: 环境   市场   军事   商业   丝绸之路  
描述: 丝绸之路横贯东西,绵亘数千里,是古代东西方交通的大动脉,也是中国古代人民与西方各国通商、通使友好往来的贸易之路,它促进了东西方的经济文化交流,为中国乃至世界文明的发展做出了不可磨灭的贡献。唐朝是我国历史上的盛世时代,其政治、经济和文化发展水平都处于世界领先地位,自信的中国人以博大的胸襟、开放的姿态与
全文:前后期西北地区市场格局的变动情况,并分析其原因、规律及其作用机制,以期有用于世人。 区域研究是历史地理学的一个重要方面,特定的区域因为其在自然环境、历史文化和风俗习惯上有很大的相似性,因此,在历史地理研究中经
明清时期石羊河流域农业开发与环境变化研究
作者: 栾晓丽   来源: 陕西师范大学 年份: 2010 文献类型 : 学位论文 关键词: 环境变化   石羊河流域   明清时期   农业开发  
描述: In history;the central and local separatist all valued the development of this area. During the Ming and Qing Dynasties,with the renewed fighting in the northwest, coupled with the rapid growth of the national population, In order to consolidating border defense and detenting Mainland population pressure,the land development of this area resumevted,which impacted histoy development of this area very profoundly Academic research in this area is more included in the academic research for the whole Hexi area or the entire northwest region, special articles in this area are also mainly concentrated in the lower reaches of Shiyang River, but these research the upper, middle and lower reaches of the river as a whole rarely,the connection among the three is.very close essentially.So this object has larger space to continue researching. This text includes introduction and body text.the introduction introduces the writing causes ,implication,and retrospects intellectual history, explains research objectives,Methods and important and difficult points of this object at the same time.The body text divides into six chapters.The first chapter analyzes the natural conditions and social infrastructure in this area.The second chapter mainly deals with immigration status which Ming and Qing government organize and encourage the population in the mainland move to this area,which provides manpower resources for agricultural development in this area,and this chapter discusses effectiveness of the immigration.The third chapter discusses construction of water conservancy which agricultural development requires,and summarizes pearls and pitfalls of water conservancy construction in this area during this period.The fourth chapter mainly deals with agricultural development in this area during the Ming and Qing dynasties,This chapter begin by the reasons for agricultural development and policies which the government urge and offer for, discusses region of agricultural development, reclamation success and evolution of tonden in this area during this time.The fifth chapter mainly discusses environmental problems that because of large-scale development in this period,and analyzes performance, hazard and measures that local people inoder to protecting the environment had taken.The sixth chapter summarizes experience and lessons those because of large-scale development in this period during this time,and explains inspiration for today's development. Research of this object is primarily based on literature of the Ming and Qing Dynasties and local records, and notes data that through field visits get, in order to make the discussion Speci.ficly and reasonably.
全文:巩固边防、缓和内地人口压力,本区的土地开发再一次兴起,这对本区的历史发展产生了深远影响。 学术界对本区的研究多包涵在对整个河西地区乃至整个西北地区的研究当中,专门研究本区的文章也主要集中在下游地区
隋唐时期青海草原战争与生态环境研究
作者: 来霞霞   来源: 陕西师范大学 年份: 2010 文献类型 : 学位论文 关键词: 生态环境   吐谷浑   吐蕃   青海草原  
描述: t Territories distributed a few mature Minority forces,for example: TuYuhun, Tibet, Party items.
全文:隋唐时期是我国历史上的重要时期,中央王朝一度开疆扩土,而此时在西北地区,也分布着几支成熟的民族势力:吐谷浑、吐蕃、党项等。隋朝初期,吐谷浑趁隋朝无暇顾及之机,经常寇扰隋朝西北边境。隋炀帝即位后,西征
隋唐时期青海草原战争与生态环境研究
作者: 来霞霞   来源: 陕西师范大学 年份: 2010 文献类型 : 学位论文 关键词: 生态环境   吐谷浑   吐蕃   青海草原  
描述: t Territories distributed a few mature Minority forces,for example: TuYuhun, Tibet, Party items.
全文:隋唐时期是我国历史上的重要时期,中央王朝一度开疆扩土,而此时在西北地区,也分布着几支成熟的民族势力:吐谷浑、吐蕃、党项等。隋朝初期,吐谷浑趁隋朝无暇顾及之机,经常寇扰隋朝西北边境。隋炀帝即位后,西征
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